Ho Chi Minh, 1890-1969

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Ho was a revolutionary Vietnamese leader who formed the Viet Minh. In 1940 Ho fled to China after an unsuccessful coup against the French and in 1941 at Changsi he founded the Viet Minh (Independence League) and sent Giap to Vietnam to find bases for their resistance movement. In 1942 the Kuomintang arrested him but he was released a year later on the insistence of the OSS, who wanted him to lead resistance against the Japanese in Vietnam. He returned to Vietnam and took command of the Viet Minh, which was supplied by the OSS. After the Japanese defeat, his troops marched into Hanoi and he formed a coalition against the provisional government.